If your basement lacks light and you want light to enter in, you first need to open up the ground next to the wall outside, deep and large enough so that the opening would allow light to enter your basement. To then hold earth from shoving back and create a mess after you have placed a window to seal that wall, you would next want to put a retaining wall to keep this from happening. And in order not to make this open pit outside the basement window not a pool or water repository, there is a need to add a drainage to it. We have just described what a window well is.
it is important to allow the much needed natural light (not artificial only), a kind of light that carries the full spectrum of color and ray that is ideal for plant and animal life on earth, helps rejuvenate and repair life form at the cellular level, increase one’s energy and metabolism, boosts the immune system and helps build Vitamin D. The activity of organisms is stimulated and the infiltration of critters is encouraged if there is darkness, dimness, or the absence of photo electricity.
Water leakage, dirt and critters coming in through cracks, seepage spawn when the wall is not mounted flush onto the foundation walls, and allowing water to penetrate from underneath then out to the floor are some of the unwanted results of having an improperly installed egress windows well system.
The whole idea of installing a window well can be ruined by incorrect window well sizing system. Sometimes window well are not deep enough and not wide enough for the window size since both are required to have a workable drainage system. Learn more about windows at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Window_covering.
Most poorly draining window wells are a result of soil and debris contamination induced by a poor gravel layering or debris that often prevents water from reaching the gravel layer to drain the water from the watering hole. If the gravel layering is poorly paved then when it is contaminated by sediments, the draining qualities of the layered gravel is lost. If you window well is not capable of fending leaves, newspapers, plastic bags, and snow, then these are the main causes that can clog your layering system making them useless. If you clean them up as often as possible then this will not happen.
Today, there are modern innovative ideas that prevents problems caused by traditional window wells incorporated in present window well systems. Clearer and more durable window well covers, galvanized steel barrier is replaced by a durable poly-carbonate barrier that will not rust, adjustable window to fit any depth of window as well as meet the building code for safe emergency and so on.